How to prevent your dog from excessive barking | BC SPCA
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How to prevent your dog from excessive barking

December 29, 2020

You are ready to talk on that important Zoom meeting, hit the unmute button, and then your dog starts barking. A less than ideal situation! In times of working from home and video communications, stopping your dog from barking is an important skill to develop. Here is how:

dog with ID

Understand why your dog barks

The first step to stop those noisy interruptions is figuring out the why behind your barking dog. Barking is a natural behaviour for dogs and a form of communication. Dogs bark for different reasons, and once you understand why, you can address it and be sure not to reinforce the barking.

Reasons a dog barks:

  1. Boredom
  2. Anxiety when alone
  3. Fear
  4. Attention-seeking
  5. Watchdog

1. Is your dog bored?

If your dog barks out of boredom, make sure they are getting daily exercise and mental stimulation. Sniffing, playing with other dogs, and physical activity are important for your dog. They will make them happy and tired, which means they might opt for a nap while you are on an online business meeting.

Another way to keep dogs occupied is with smart feeding toys that make them work for their food. A frozen stuffed Kong, a treat-dispensing toy, or a snuffle mat will keep them busy for some time.

2. Does being alone make your dog anxious?

Some dogs bark because they suffer from separation anxiety. Separation anxiety is an emotional disorder and must be treated. If you suspect your dog may have it, see your veterinarian for a diagnosis and a treatment plan.

If your dog suffers from this condition, the barking will not stop even with food toys and lots of activity and exercise before being left alone.

Read more about Separation anxiety – Preventing and reducing dog anxiety when alone (PDF).

3. Is your dog fearful?

Dogs who are afraid of strangers or other things may bark in an attempt to get the scary thing to move farther away. Teach your dog to associate the things they are scared of with fantastic predictable things, such as a tasty food reward. A humane dog trainer can guide you through the steps in this process.

dog indoors looking up

4. Is your dog attention-seeking?

Many dogs bark to get attention or to make their guardian do something like take them out or play with them. Dogs quickly figure out that barking works to get people to do things.

To stop attention-seeking barking, stop rewarding your dog for doing it.

Don’t throw the ball, open the door or let them out of their crate if they are barking. These are all rewards to your dog. Ignore your dog when they bark.

Dog barks = ball goes away
Dog is quiet = ball gets thrown

Be aware that if you have been rewarding your dog by giving in when they bark, the barking will get worse before it goes away. Stand your ground and do not give in, don’t let barking work.

Instead, pay attention and notice when your dog is quiet and show them that good things happen when they are quiet.

Dog sits and is quiet = food bowl is put down

5. Is your dog a “watchdog”?

Most dogs bark when a person knocks at the door, which is good as they are telling you someone is arriving. It can become a problem when the barking is excessive and the dog doesn’t want to stop.

To deal with this type of barking, teach your dog to do something that is not compatible with barking. Teach your dog to fetch a toy so they can’t bark because they have a toy in their mouth. You can also teach them to go to their mat and do a down stay when someone is at the door. For this, you need to train your dog first without doorbells or visitors. Use tasty rewards, teach your dog a down stay on a mat and then bring in the doorbell and visitor.

Another way to deal with watchdog barking is time-outs. Teach your dog that any more than a few barks results in time in the “penalty box” (i.e. another room). After the dog barks a few times, say “quiet.” On the next bark, say “too bad” and immediately put them in another room away from the action. Eventually they will learn that barking causes them to be removed from the action.

You could also do both. If your dog down stays on their mat, they get a reward. If they bark, it is off to the penalty box.

Get help

To guide you through the process of minimizing your dog’s barking, find a humane dog trainer who will help you and your dog.

Remember, there might be health issues contributing to your dog’s excessive barking. Deaf, geriatric and dogs suffering from separation anxiety may all bark excessively. Check with your veterinarian to see different options of treatment for your dog.

Stay away from electronic shock collars

Tools like e-collars cause physical and emotional distress. They are inhumane and should never be used. If you are unsure how to stop your dog from barking, check with an AnimalKind accredited trainer or consult your veterinarian.

Learn More:

AnimalKind new site!

AnimalKind is a BC SPCA program that helps you choose dog trainers who meet the BC SPCA’s important animal welfare standards. Check out the brand new site for more details.

Animalkind dog training