Resource guarding is natural for dogs: Help prevent it with training tips | BC SPCA
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Resource guarding is natural for dogs: Help prevent it with training tips

September 30, 2015

Dog guardians may have noticed that sometimes, their four-legged friend growls when he’s approached while eating, or when a toy gets taken away. But canines are born with the instinct to guard their resources, says Sarah Pennington, who owns and operates Yaletown Dog Training in Vancouver.

“Dogs are born with an innate desire to keep things away from people – as if their lives depended on it,” Pennington says. “It’s one of the reasons dogs are relinquished to shelters. Puppyhood is a great opportunity to prevent resource guarding from happening.”

When your dog is playing with a toy or something simple, like a piece of Kleenex, approach the dog and take the item from him, then reward him with a small treat, and give the toy or item back, Pennington says, noting pet guardians should do this often.

A Husky plays with a toy at home

“This teaches the dog it’s fantastic when things are taken from them – they’ll start to think, ‘Oh good, she’s going to take something from me,” Pennington notes, in one of the BC SPCA’s Tip Tuesday videos that received thousands of views on Facebook. “Never force a dog – never try to pull a toy from them – that can trigger an aggressive response, like growling.”

Dogs often guard their food bowl while eating, Pennington says, so a good way to teach them that it’s good when humans approach them when eating is to drop something even better – a favourite treat or snack – into their food bowl, then walk away.

“This helps prevent food guarding,” she says.

Get more helpful tips on pet care and behaviour.