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What fruits can my dog eat?

October 31, 2018

“An apple a day keeps the doctor away.”

Humans are familiar with this adage, but did you know an apple a day for a dog doesn’t necessarily pave the way for good health?

“While fruits are considered a healthy choice for humans, that’s not the case for our canine friends, who have different dietary needs,” says Emilia Gordon, BC SPCA senior manager, animal health. “Aside from the relatively high sugar content, there are some fruits that might cause your dog to become sick. Some fruits may cause an allergic reaction, vomiting, or even organ failure. If you’re considering feeding your dog fruit, we strongly recommend talking to your veterinarian first.”

Even if your vet gives you the green light, Gordon says guardians should ensure Fido or Fifi are fed fruit in moderation. “While there are certain kinds of fruit that are okay for a pet to eat, it’s best to give fruit as a treat.”

Fruit for your pet should be prepared properly: as some places may use pesticides, ensure the fruit they’re about to eat is thoroughly washed. Make sure stems, seeds, pits, peels and rinds are removed, and that pieces are bite-sized and easy to chew. Fruit should always be fresh (some fruits can be frozen as a treat to help cool your doggo down), and never canned in syrup.

Finally, Gordon recommends monitoring your dog for any adverse effects. “Some dogs may be completely fine consuming fruit, but others may end up with an upset stomach or diarrhea. It’s best to keep an eye on them just to make sure what they’re eating isn’t making them ill.”

Fruits your dog can enjoy in moderation

Bananas – these are rich in potassium and Vitamin C. Make sure you’ve completely removed the peel as it is difficult for your dog to digest and, in turn may cause a blockage – depending on your dog’s size, and the amount they have consumed.

Blueberries – blueberries are high in antioxidants and low in calories.

Kiwi – like bananas, kiwi fruit is a good source of Vitamin C and potassium.

Pineapple – pineapple is jam-packed with vitamins and minerals, making it a nutrient-dense treat for your furry friend. It’s also a great option to give to your dog frozen, especially on a hot day!

Strawberries – strawberries offer great benefits, like fiber and have a high-water content – just make sure you remove the stems before giving them to your dog.

Your canine companion can consume these fruits with caution…

Apples – never give your dog an apple unless the seeds and the core have been removed. Make sure the pieces they are receiving are chewable.

Oranges – oranges are quite high in natural sugars, so feed this to your dog in moderation. Watch for any seeds that may be present in the fruit; make sure they are removed before treating your pup to a piece.

Peaches – peach pits can cause intestinal blockages, so make sure they’re fully removed before giving them to your dog. Don’t share canned or preserved peaches with your dog as they contain high amounts of sugar. They may have also been treated with artificial sweeteners – like Xylitol – that are not good for dogs.

Dogs should steer clear of…

Lemons – dogs don’t like sour or bitter tastes, so it’s best to refrain from giving this fruit to them.

Avocados – the presence of persin, a toxin in avocados, can cause stomach upset in some dogs. An avocado pit can also cause an obstruction, so it’s best to avoid them altogether.

Cherries – the pits, stems and leaves of cherries all contain cyanide, which is toxic and can cause poisoning in dogs if consumed in large quantities. Even if you’ve removed the pit, cherries can lead to gastrointestinal upset in dogs. And maraschino cherries are also a big no, as they have been sweetened with tons of sugar.

Grapes and raisins – grapes and raisins contain an unidentified toxin which is dangerous to dogs; the unidentified toxin can cause kidney failure.

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